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Cross Country Comparison of Primary Balance
Country 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 Estimates Start After
0 Afghanistan n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -0.098 -2.102 -2.393 -0.965 0.643 -2.492 -3.882 -1.779 0.922 -0.672 0.182 -0.631 -1.719 -1.378 0.127 -0.673 1.634 -1.058 -2.793 -2.172 -1.213 -0.48 -0.704 -0.878 2019
1 Albania n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -11.902 -9.926 -8.841 -7.772 -6.837 -6.212 -5.006 -5.163 -3.458 -3.263 -3.179 -4.884 -6.586 -3.52 -3.516 -3.441 -5.215 -5.458 -4.054 -1.762 -1.392 -1.346 -1.957 -8.422 -4.723 -2.587 -2.045 -1.997 -1.931 2018
2 Algeria 3.185 3.801 0.751 -5.916 -1.865 0.587 3.912 2.93 -3.576 -1.895 9.701 3.74 1.164 4.876 5.259 13.631 13.961 6.598 9.616 -5.807 -0.038 -0.104 -4.435 -0.4 -7.3 -15.267 -13.051 -6.647 -4.468 -5.638 -11.487 -11.376 -9.194 -9.461 -9.222 -8.591 2019
3 Angola n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 5.907 -0.304 -6.709 -10.645 2.289 3.176 -2.542 -4.685 1.184 7.17 9.423 4.312 -4.235 -7.897 3.395 8.081 4.131 -0.304 -5.72 -2.917 -4.52 -6.304 2.189 0.792 -2.808 -0.129 0.98 1.656 1.77 1.877 2018
4 Antigua and Barbuda 0.128 -4.094 -0.854 -2.585 -4.595 -4.152 -1.727 0 -1.758 -3.355 -4.887 -9.401 -9.734 -8.113 -4.354 -4.806 -7.464 -5.647 -5.368 -17.895 -0.277 -3.497 -1.108 -4.296 -2.87 -2.6 -0.145 -2.841 -3.162 -4.044 -12.187 -5.19 -1.692 0.861 1.003 1.252 2019
5 Argentina n/a n/a n/a -0.024 -1.25 -2.075 -2.811 -1.838 -1.827 -3.705 -3.417 -5.364 -1.91 1.5 3.967 3.341 1.65 0.757 0.352 -1.83 -1.393 -2.746 -3.018 -3.254 -4.252 -6.001 -6.655 -6.693 -5.517 -4.468 -11.417 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 2019
6 Armenia n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -1.976 -1.95 -2.334 -1.757 -7.686 -4.979 -2.875 -1.493 -1.593 -1.943 -4.837 -5.632 -4.785 -1.752 -0.973 -5.824 -3.28 -2.156 -1.801 -1.587 -1.484 2019
7 Aruba n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -0.834 -2.343 -2.102 0.113 0.086 0.644 -0.825 -3.203 1.916 -8.632 -2.993 -2.589 -1.071 1.517 -2.688 -3.579 -6.651 -9.242 -6.396 -7.861 -1.625 -1.634 -2.987 -2.223 0.39 -23.968 -6.566 -4.745 -4.248 -3.169 -1.931 2019
8 Australia -0.232 -2.794 -4.753 -4.735 -3.801 -2.61 -1.46 -0.494 -0.246 0.667 1.254 -0.03 0.193 1.054 1.327 1.712 1.776 1.478 -1.102 -4.572 -5.127 -4.531 -3.511 -2.813 -2.919 -2.787 -2.419 -1.716 -1.235 -3.894 -10.064 -10.456 -6.22 -3.863 -2.568 -1.979 2019
9 Austria -2.57 -2.946 -2.137 -4.542 -5.013 -6.141 -4.357 -2.372 -2.669 -2.618 -2.063 -0.658 -1.865 -1.382 -4.839 -2.541 -2.563 -1.382 -1.521 -5.356 -4.453 -2.577 -2.189 -1.95 -2.729 -1.046 -1.574 -0.699 0.198 0.735 -9.9 -3.945 -2.291 -1.751 -1.167 -0.515 2019
10 Azerbaijan n/a n/a n/a n/a -6.416 -1.093 -2.164 -1.032 1.631 -1.033 0.145 21.764 19.393 1.605 1.781 2.741 0.663 2.337 17.194 5.853 13.831 10.86 3.705 1.643 2.742 -4.814 -1.126 -1.366 5.478 8.098 -6.312 -5.789 -5.138 -4.98 -4.834 -5.166 2018
11 The Bahamas -3.26 -2.912 -2.868 -1.672 -1.034 -0.441 -0.774 -2.299 -1.076 1.279 -0.53 -0.31 -2.069 -2.215 -1.947 -1.155 -0.439 -0.773 -0.824 -2.388 -2.57 -2.868 -3.253 -4.161 -3.664 -2.542 -2.567 -5.23 -3.25 -1.637 -6.008 -9.999 -5.318 -2.454 -1.452 -1.05 2019
12 Bahrain -7.076 -3.615 -5.635 -2.883 -5.397 -4.158 0.253 -6.658 -5.725 -5.055 7.639 0.725 -3.411 -1.775 0.247 2.914 2.338 1.586 4.257 -5.586 -5.834 -1.482 -5.509 -9.723 -1.569 -18.444 -17.56 -14.218 -11.944 -10.613 -13.124 -9.229 -8.38 -8.052 -7.87 -7.675 2019
13 Bangladesh -0.181 0.521 0.419 0.502 0.038 -0.444 -2.375 -2.284 -2.571 -1.564 -2.918 -4.08 -2.738 -2.343 -2.624 -2.853 -2.573 -2.233 -4.031 -3.21 -2.675 -3.589 -2.977 -3.381 -3.077 -3.975 -3.361 -3.34 -4.641 -5.362 -6.797 -6.08 -5.451 -5.025 -4.416 -4.328 2019
14 Barbados n/a n/a n/a n/a 6.832 6.449 3.918 5.805 6.426 5.788 5.351 4.383 -5.674 -3.281 -3.154 -3.255 -3.701 -4.862 -4.71 -7.412 -8.503 -4.138 -8.001 -10.24 -7.497 -9.102 -5.347 -4.285 -0.299 3.796 -3.174 -0.626 0.379 0.807 0.817 0.969 2020
15 Belarus n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -4.901 -8.073 -6.969 -7.304 -6.934 -7.967 -8.087 -11.275 -7.232 -4.187 -2.806 0.36 -0.982 0.092 -2.964 -1.659 -0.337 1.805 0.626 -4.692 -2.77 -1.839 -0.834 -0.677 -0.805 2019
16 Belgium -6.993 -7.672 -8.42 -7.709 -5.288 -4.509 -4.003 -2.151 -1.025 -0.648 -0.079 0.233 -0.044 -1.864 -0.239 -2.715 0.239 0.067 -1.095 -5.431 -4.088 -4.33 -4.319 -3.129 -3.056 -2.414 -2.364 -0.691 -0.808 -1.909 -11.353 -6.301 -5.426 -5.121 -5.22 -5.179 2019
17 Belize n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -2.472 -2.411 -3.826 -8.885 -9.141 -9.765 -7.052 -11.369 -7.33 -4.631 -1.732 -2.639 0.988 -3.476 -2.468 -1.37 -1.413 -0.732 -2.189 -6.424 -5.465 -4.33 -1.869 -3.973 -9.79 -8.161 -5.7 -4.675 -4.375 -4.267 2019
18 Benin -3.244 -3.078 -2.711 -0.565 -2.141 -2.615 -0.148 0.64 2.504 1.944 -3.692 -3.269 -3.33 -1.072 -0.705 -1.523 -0.147 0.222 -0.041 -2.241 -0.276 -0.981 -0.216 -1.365 -1.651 -5.553 -4.289 -4.204 -2.976 -0.54 -3.742 -3.445 -2.778 -2.63 -2.205 -2.148 2019
19 Bhutan -7.118 0.028 -3.12 5.68 0.531 -0.268 3.414 -1.389 1.922 -0.666 -2.882 -12.186 -3.959 -10.611 2.176 -6.916 0.252 2.065 -2.705 4.512 7.905 -1.757 -2.467 -5.928 2.944 -0.204 -1.931 -4.786 -2.582 -1.145 -5.463 -7.568 -4.574 -4.38 -1.501 -1.261 2019
20 Bolivia -4.4 -4.2 -4.4 -6.1 -3 -1.817 -1.9 -3.281 -5.1 -3.837 -3.728 -6.82 -8.788 -7.875 -5.543 -2.245 4.47 1.741 3.569 0.014 1.666 0.831 1.757 0.656 -3.364 -6.904 -7.243 -7.824 -8.144 -7.222 -8.565 -7.076 -5.887 -5.081 -4.544 -3.954 2019
21 Bosnia and Herzegovina n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -0.978 -2.782 -4.637 -3.453 -2.995 -0.444 -0.184 0.76 2.149 0.174 -3.905 -5.346 -4.061 -2.73 -2.685 -1.804 -2.872 -0.197 0.346 1.814 1.656 1.515 -5.816 -4.372 -2.921 -2.477 -1.844 -1.245 2019
22 Botswana n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 8.601 -2.896 -3.912 -0.174 1.328 10.198 12.978 5.561 -7.474 -13.592 -7.848 -0.114 0.855 5.583 3.696 -4.559 0.681 -1.054 -4.588 -6.289 -8.826 -8.55 -6.222 -5.11 -4.026 -3.194 2019
23 Brazil n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -5.346 -5.604 -7.221 -5.175 -3.32 -3.172 -4.42 -5.177 -2.876 -3.539 -3.57 -2.737 -1.533 -3.188 -3.824 -2.467 -2.52 -2.955 -6.021 -10.253 -8.991 -7.857 -7.163 -6.014 -16.781 -6.519 -5.585 -5.634 -5.87 -5.897 2019
24 Brunei Darussalam -2.059 -1.363 -9.901 -15.737 -29.979 -27.075 -11.097 -14.47 -28.715 -20.767 6.881 2.594 -4.628 8.087 8.593 16.38 19.882 3.151 36.191 3.604 7.612 25.632 15.786 13.025 3.576 -14.523 -21.68 -10.623 -3.559 -7.113 -17.935 -13.487 -11.92 -10.698 -9.377 -9.128 2019
25 Bulgaria n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1.084 0.151 -0.605 -0.58 -0.614 0.003 1.593 2.187 3.221 3.088 2.734 -0.856 -3.794 -1.844 -0.436 -1.759 -3.665 -2.782 1.544 0.826 0.123 -0.968 -1.997 -1.064 -0.196 0.456 0.443 0.439 2019
26 Burkina Faso -7.536 -2.772 -2.509 -3.81 -1.887 -2.646 -1.666 -2.643 -2.598 -3.287 -3.028 -3.557 -4.433 -1.79 -4.194 -4.89 14.346 -5.015 -3.627 -4.16 -4.058 -2.039 -2.763 -3.548 -1.737 -2.09 -3.085 -6.884 -4.355 -3.468 -6.085 -4.6 -4 -3.5 -3 -3 2019
27 Burundi 9.472 4.82 -4.846 -1.419 -2.05 -4.326 -10.026 -5.215 -5.16 -6.145 -6.435 -8.721 -5.381 -14.738 -15.46 -10.556 -9.924 -2.51 -2.704 -5.145 -3.637 -3.491 -3.794 -1.811 -3.747 -7.21 -6.783 -4.773 -6.764 -8.259 -9.524 -8.721 -5.215 -4.798 -3.737 -2.893 2015
28 Cabo Verde n/a n/a n/a n/a -12.84 -11.837 -12.403 -11.49 -3.564 -11.463 -17.84 -6.465 -7.838 -4.499 -3.677 -6.003 -5.067 -0.941 -1.551 -5.804 -10.524 -7.652 -10.285 -9.308 -7.612 -4.555 -3.035 -2.972 -2.651 -1.835 -11.271 -9.567 -6.31 -2.757 -2.132 -1.352 2018
29 Cambodia n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -7.536 -3.724 -5.358 -3.802 -4.815 -5.146 -6.381 -6.169 -3.562 -0.384 -0.172 0.727 0.503 -4.781 -3.795 -4.695 -4.525 -2.616 -1.643 -0.646 -0.3 -0.775 0.676 3.214 -2.402 -2.387 -3.2 -3.858 -4.454 -4.334 2018
30 Cameroon n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1.614 0.909 1.608 0.614 -0.491 3.292 30.453 4.139 2.09 -0.044 -0.98 -2.355 -1.446 -3.705 -4.251 -4.422 -6.092 -4.872 -2.488 -3.311 -4.125 -3.273 -2.606 -1.952 -1.666 -1.362 2019
31 Canada -5.911 -8.359 -9.199 -8.935 -6.936 -5.49 -3.053 0.039 0.143 1.656 2.64 0.529 -0.234 -0.127 0.768 1.553 1.828 1.82 0.184 -3.881 -4.738 -3.309 -2.525 -1.495 0.175 -0.062 -0.453 -0.126 -0.397 -0.346 -19.924 -8.719 -5.385 -2.985 -1.434 -0.272 2019
32 Central African Republic -6.598 -7.996 -7.327 -5.663 -7.574 -4.84 -1.059 -1.565 0.001 -0.496 -2.008 -0.881 -1.163 -3.047 -1.719 -4.343 8.584 1.044 -1.231 -0.553 -1.347 -2.135 0.353 -5.935 -3.935 -0.588 1.07 -1.063 -0.972 1.425 -2.292 -0.027 -0.284 -0.92 -1.127 -1.503 2018
33 Chad n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -4.052 -3.711 -3.346 -2.245 -5.279 -6.073 -4.585 -5.292 -5.598 -2.387 -0.068 2.22 2.525 3.614 -9.203 -4.152 2.391 0.473 -2.065 -4.182 -4.38 -1.937 -0.231 1.936 -0.172 -0.639 -1.227 0.781 2.162 0.867 1.817 2019
34 Chile 2.266 1.552 2.123 1.425 1.448 3.123 2.085 2.059 0.392 -2.031 -0.697 -0.498 -1.18 -0.42 2.048 4.543 7.459 7.909 3.934 -4.241 -0.361 1.422 0.681 -0.47 -1.49 -2.077 -2.649 -2.622 -1.465 -2.647 -8.705 -4.006 -3.8 -3.041 -2.315 -1.547 2019
35 China -0.719 -1.044 -1.225 -0.895 -1.69 -0.953 -0.74 -0.733 -1.088 -2.323 -2.846 -2.596 -2.884 -2.394 -1.512 -1.401 -1.144 0.059 -0.025 -1.751 -0.362 -0.098 -0.302 -0.836 -0.885 -2.792 -3.703 -3.835 -4.655 -6.312 -11.887 -11.78 -10.904 -9.993 -9.08 -8.135 2019
36 Colombia -0.406 0.35 -0.067 -0.24 -0.138 -0.999 -2.495 -3.227 -3.864 -5.367 -2.956 -2.919 -3.457 -2.706 -1.273 -0.021 -0.993 -0.82 0.042 -2.674 -3.303 -1.993 0.155 -1.021 -1.744 -3.52 -2.274 -2.496 -4.676 -2.507 -9.477 -6.195 -3.155 -1.96 -0.875 -0.903 2019
37 Comoros -1.03 -2.258 -1.992 1.275 -3.704 -4.134 -3.43 -1.302 -2.006 -0.457 -1.139 -2.129 -2.146 -2.045 -0.98 0.032 -1.507 -1.179 -1.464 0.36 4.204 0.861 1.962 10.489 -0.331 2.597 -4.48 0.351 -1.038 -2.204 -3.903 -2.679 -2.358 -2.22 -2.034 -2.021 2018
38 Democratic Republic of the Congo n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -0.562 -1.056 -1.548 -1.348 -1.846 -1.273 0.719 -4.242 -0.433 0.639 1.056 0.454 -0.477 0.925 -1.001 -0.985 1.75 1.874 -0.017 -0.406 -0.495 1.355 -0.048 -2.053 -1.896 -0.272 -0.268 -0.674 -0.918 -0.882 2019
39 Republic of Congo -4.103 -11.195 -12.684 -11.306 -10.627 -6.38 9.195 3.668 -5.16 -4.746 1.047 -0.706 -7.342 0.366 3.326 13.403 15.957 8.986 23.897 4.756 15.517 16.065 7.236 -2.849 -10.732 -17.805 -15.643 -5.932 5.759 5.822 -2.106 1.838 3.831 4.841 5.108 5.463 2018
40 Costa Rica -4.42 -2.42 -1.52 -1.53 -5.49 -3.705 -4.344 -3.408 -2.979 -2.894 -3.699 -3.485 -5.015 -3.447 -3.43 -2.796 -1.437 0.311 -0.283 -3.46 -5.265 -4.178 -4.533 -5.573 -5.897 -5.646 -5.28 -6.178 -5.905 -7.005 -9.366 -7.629 -6.024 -4.388 -3.234 -2.187 2019
41 Côte d'Ivoire n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -0.749 -0.697 -1.268 -0.831 0.699 -0.637 -1.261 -1.038 -1.025 -1.034 -0.389 -0.21 -1.001 -1.337 -2.889 -2.277 -1.621 -1.568 -2.042 -3.006 -3.333 -2.945 -2.288 -5.4 -4.098 -2.998 -2.998 -2.996 -2.995 2019
42 Croatia n/a n/a -3.213 -0.483 1.751 -1.135 -1.199 -1.71 -2.746 -7.023 -5.494 -5.723 -3.29 -4.521 -4.967 -3.666 -3.132 -2.229 -2.824 -6.048 -6.466 -7.914 -5.354 -5.337 -5.35 -3.315 -0.951 0.797 0.222 0.393 -8.078 -4.145 -2.526 -2.304 -2.245 -2.19 2019
43 Cyprus n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -0.712 -2.956 -4.821 -3.851 -4.054 -2.24 -2.107 -4.131 -5.907 -3.712 -2.224 -1.041 3.228 0.866 -5.433 -4.697 -5.666 -5.566 -5.173 -0.234 0.013 0.089 1.662 -4.233 1.735 -5.576 -2.032 -0.307 0.26 1.121 1.501 2019
44 Czech Republic n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -12.356 -2.994 -3.164 -4.162 -3.117 -3.564 -5.462 -6.334 -6.853 -2.368 -2.973 -2.16 -0.65 -1.971 -5.417 -4.158 -2.705 -3.902 -1.234 -2.084 -0.611 0.712 1.501 0.911 0.267 -7.303 -4.292 -3.204 -2.365 -1.682 -1.143 2019
45 Denmark -1.538 -2.931 -2.571 -3.672 -3.603 -3.62 -2.483 -1.2 -0.389 0.869 1.887 1.141 -0.015 -0.133 2.073 4.955 4.987 5.02 3.174 -2.798 -2.71 -2.056 -3.49 -1.236 1.144 -1.33 -0.106 1.52 0.477 3.807 -3.988 -2.993 -1.516 -0.247 -0.074 0.039 2019
46 Djibouti -3.257 -0.863 -6.138 -7.104 -4.969 -5.135 -1.767 -2.86 -3.595 -5.201 -3.977 -3.609 -4.568 -4.138 -3.671 -1.179 0.262 -1.883 0.623 -3.886 -1.045 -1.186 -2.044 -4.249 -6.877 -15.416 -8.308 -4.53 -2.782 -0.847 -1.516 -2.98 -2.625 -2.67 -2.355 -2.124 2019
47 Dominica -4.66 -2.987 -2.224 -1.409 -3.354 -2.88 -1.59 -2.24 -5.99 -9.176 -8.661 -6.544 -4.071 0.85 -0.673 0.947 2.928 1.798 0.7 -0.309 -3.383 -4.402 -5.394 -2.863 -4.59 12.554 14.774 0.272 -19.719 -8.833 -3.339 -0.205 2.691 2.66 3.427 4.129 2020
48 Dominican Republic n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -1.144 -0.771 -1.299 -1.395 -1.629 -1.809 -6.187 -3.447 -0.403 -0.942 0.105 -3.25 -3.017 -2.729 -3.05 -6.56 -3.472 -2.753 -0.033 -3.103 -3.088 -2.16 -2.195 -7.786 -3.305 -1.972 -1.459 -1.61 -1.578 2019
49 Ecuador n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -1.937 -3.292 -2.704 -4.88 -4.617 -0.307 0.031 0.699 0.998 1.867 0.641 2.852 2.598 0.562 -3.57 -1.357 -0.127 -0.937 -4.57 -5.224 -6.119 -8.232 -4.461 -3.175 -3.169 -8.92 -2.923 0.589 1.838 2.405 2.26 2019
50 Egypt n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 2.135 1.32 -1.07 -6.768 -5.729 -5.762 -6.687 -7.355 -4.899 -6.049 -6.195 -7.447 -9.6 -10.005 -12.927 -11.286 -10.934 -12.47 -10.429 -9.41 -7.409 -7.489 -8.083 -5.156 -4.365 -4.027 -3.75 2019
51 El Salvador -0.613 -2.305 -4.289 -1.416 -0.943 -0.177 -2.702 -1.972 -2.94 -3.082 -3.446 -4.945 -5.504 -3.951 -2.759 -3.473 -3.416 -2.324 -3.801 -6.646 -4.965 -4.47 -3.909 -4.456 -4.016 -3.633 -3.104 -2.527 -2.641 -3.054 -13.318 -8.436 -7.279 -7.114 -7.323 -7.388 2019
52 Equatorial Guinea -160.185 -236.036 -557.499 -217.936 -487.312 -123.416 -6.355 3.214 -7.651 -0.191 -2.667 14.909 17.594 7.783 13.874 18.547 21.795 17.16 14.614 -6.475 -4.533 0.835 -7.239 -4.403 -7.541 -15.097 -10.917 -2.59 0.51 1.753 -4.008 -2.196 -0.836 -0.456 -0.068 0.318 2017
53 Eritrea n/a n/a 6.853 4.224 8.69 -22.935 -18.403 -5.648 -40.349 -59.742 -36.482 -39.305 -34.052 -22.207 -21.461 -28.683 -18.188 -20.232 -31.605 -21.046 -17.694 -5.998 -5.585 -8.023 -0.364 -3.139 -1.657 -6.037 4.212 -1.607 -5.161 -4.436 -1.286 -1.131 -0.876 -0.77 2018
54 Estonia n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -0.23 -0.907 3.011 0.676 -3.393 -0.087 0.179 0.401 1.793 2.371 1.115 2.897 2.693 -2.647 -2.172 0.185 1.147 -0.256 -0.169 0.681 0.069 -0.328 -0.379 -0.463 -0.395 -6.829 -4.866 -4.453 -3.751 -3.666 -3.034 2019
55 Eswatini 5.307 3.186 -2.679 -3.062 -3.328 0.844 -0.937 1.995 1.019 -1.197 -1.158 -2.172 -3.583 -2.046 -3.856 -1.613 8.418 2.3 1.536 -2.915 -9.066 -3.763 3.295 0.557 -2.501 -5.478 -8.928 -7.014 -9.853 -7.283 -8.669 -6.39 -6.173 -2.859 -3.141 -3.092 2019
56 Ethiopia -6.861 -6 -4.922 -4.122 -5.386 -2.757 -3.928 -1.764 -3.645 -8.539 -8.88 -3.76 -5.764 -5.592 -2.651 -4.122 -3.788 -3.567 -2.882 -0.932 -1.321 -1.607 -1.172 -1.931 -2.582 -1.947 -2.34 -3.243 -3.029 -2.528 -3.549 -3.074 -1.932 -1.932 -1.932 -1.868 2019
57 Fiji n/a n/a -2.808 -1.831 -0.191 0.768 -3.578 -4.634 5.139 1.059 -1.395 -4.416 -3.596 -3.381 -0.953 -1.127 -3.182 -1.619 0.463 -3.768 -2.005 -1.286 -1.319 -0.575 -3.982 -3.765 -1.302 -1.829 -5.515 -5.13 -19.2 -9 -4.6 -3 -2.4 -2.3 2018
58 Finland 6.634 0.301 -4.881 -8.083 -6.4 -5.971 -3.367 -1.325 1.536 1.596 6.727 4.891 3.973 2.339 2.157 2.589 3.924 5.115 4.18 -2.484 -2.534 -1.019 -2.156 -2.525 -2.987 -2.361 -1.666 -0.685 -0.859 -0.907 -6.844 -4.142 -2.576 -2.155 -1.911 -1.664 2019
59 France -2.434 -2.863 -4.601 -6.359 -5.423 -5.109 -3.906 -3.653 -2.379 -1.603 -1.318 -1.379 -3.16 -4.015 -3.591 -3.356 -2.444 -2.636 -3.264 -7.175 -6.887 -5.155 -4.981 -4.084 -3.905 -3.625 -3.612 -2.934 -2.267 -2.998 -10.769 -6.451 -5.313 -4.926 -4.719 -4.704 2019
60 Gabon -3.834 -2.031 -4.897 -5.354 -1.529 2.643 2.115 1.407 -13.113 1.114 11.132 4.067 3.724 7.752 6.993 7.977 8.672 8.062 10.994 6.77 2.699 1.743 6.204 -3.069 5.98 -1.117 -4.71 -1.699 -0.211 2.127 -5.366 -3.582 -1.742 -0.474 -0.166 0.224 2019
61 The Gambia n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -0.091 -2.523 0.059 -1.732 -1.766 -3.332 -3.194 0.275 -0.454 -1.648 -2.928 -3.014 -2.823 -5.559 -3.937 -5.375 -6.397 -4.98 -6.057 -2.531 -3.779 -3.245 -2.204 -1.223 -0.843 -0.276 2018
62 Georgia n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -4.888 -5.91 -6.632 -3.963 -4.703 -1.921 -0.707 -0.186 -0.548 3.592 2.145 3.284 0.809 -1.922 -6.365 -4.544 -0.827 -0.728 -1.272 -1.813 -1.184 -1.52 -0.484 -0.817 -1.816 -8.12 -4.784 -3.146 -2.687 -2.385 -2.109 2019
63 Germany n/a -3.189 -2.605 -3.095 -2.524 -9.432 -3.57 -2.942 -2.567 -1.719 -1.585 -3.025 -3.875 -3.704 -3.334 -3.319 -1.653 0.261 -0.116 -3.151 -4.379 -0.881 0.009 0.04 0.58 0.961 1.16 1.362 1.837 1.521 -8.175 -3.199 0.619 0.836 1.036 1.046 2019
64 Ghana -2.054 -1.572 -4.823 -5.851 -5.453 -4.878 -6.038 -6.623 -5.693 -6.092 -4.287 -3.9 -2.923 -2.141 -2.175 -2.016 -3.338 -5.278 -5.944 -5.378 -7.52 -5.494 -8.38 -9.178 -7.975 -4.077 -6.888 -4.061 -6.972 -7.341 -16.416 -9.255 -8.064 -7.769 -7.164 -6.286 2018
65 Greece -13.104 -9.494 -10.498 -11.293 -8.359 -9.731 -8.158 -6.056 -6.268 -5.793 -4.063 -5.466 -6.024 -7.83 -8.828 -6.188 -5.946 -6.707 -10.176 -15.148 -11.197 -10.279 -6.556 -3.622 -4.07 -2.771 0.552 1.042 0.873 0.566 -8.994 -3.01 -1.482 -0.985 -1.189 -1.528 2019
66 Grenada -7.777 -4.335 -1.457 -0.157 -2.846 -0.461 -3.019 -4.94 -2.394 -2.761 -2.506 -6.415 -14.467 -3.609 -1.019 0.516 -5.649 -6.352 -4.146 -5.228 -3.615 -5.175 -5.882 -7.25 -4.664 -1.194 2.302 3.014 4.581 4.952 -1.728 1.243 2.373 3.256 3.75 4.127 2019
67 Guatemala n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -0.528 0.037 -0.79 -2.291 -2.962 -1.877 -2.003 -1.032 -2.469 -1.048 -1.67 -1.879 -1.403 -1.57 -3.12 -3.277 -2.798 -2.416 -2.164 -1.921 -1.472 -1.128 -1.385 -1.886 -2.25 -5.554 -3.79 -2.966 -2.443 -2.228 -1.986 2019
68 Guinea -3.933 -3.248 -2.259 -2.645 -2.605 -1.946 -2.216 -2.149 -0.502 -2.182 -2.455 -3.308 -3.529 -4.686 -3.884 -1.074 -2.18 1.263 0.374 -4.893 -9.661 -0.936 -2.51 -3.874 -3.207 -6.892 -0.147 -2.059 -1.063 -0.465 -3.707 -3.079 -2.357 -1.933 -2.111 -2.153 2019
69 Guinea-Bissau n/a 1.607 -0.252 -0.338 -5.541 2.45 3.478 -2.556 -5.954 -4.065 -2.801 -1.826 -3.704 -5.628 -5.92 -4.96 -4.574 -8.774 -0.735 2.679 -0.225 -1.354 -2.123 -1.673 -2.436 -3.161 -5.341 -1.321 -4.919 -4.607 -8.274 -5.225 -4.045 -3.337 -2.97 -2.953 2018
70 Guyana n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -1.698 -2.67 -0.469 -2.273 -3.708 -2.419 -4.81 -2.88 -6.54 -6.163 -3.353 -2.775 -2.745 -2.136 -2.339 -3.267 -2.33 -4.051 -0.891 -3.342 -3.313 -2.77 -2.589 -5.649 -2.573 -1.675 0.078 0.077 0.076 2019
71 Haiti n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 0.642 0.363 -2.66 -2.338 -2.725 -3.141 -3.646 -2.292 -1.382 -1.436 -2.5 -2.881 -3.516 -2.681 -2.474 -4.712 -7.009 -6.28 -2.503 0.026 0.04 -1.719 -2.278 -5.87 -4.656 -2.055 -2.179 -2.496 -2.573 2019
72 Honduras -2.151 -2.156 -1.49 -5.209 -0.972 -0.244 0.127 0.08 2.893 1.381 1.508 -3.119 -5.015 -5.093 -2.475 -0.033 -1.355 -0.254 -0.267 -4.865 -3.371 -2.943 -3.483 -5.73 -2.897 -0.781 -0.397 -0.408 0.198 0.088 -3.091 -2.661 -0.636 -0.774 -0.875 -0.906 2019
73 Hong Kong SAR 0.642 3.127 2.625 1.994 1.011 -0.291 2.038 6.318 -1.801 0.762 -0.587 -4.836 -4.773 -3.172 1.605 0.971 3.833 7.336 0.086 1.532 4.136 3.77 3.143 1.008 3.592 0.595 4.388 5.492 2.35 -1.51 -11.793 -6.569 0.138 0.074 0.131 0.131 2019
74 Hungary n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -8.603 -4.368 -5.527 -7.458 -5.137 -3.033 -4.054 -8.841 -7.118 -6.333 -7.788 -9.262 -5.032 -3.615 -4.554 -4.462 -5.242 -2.336 -2.603 -2.784 -2.014 -1.812 -2.456 -2.149 -2.048 -8.278 -3.858 -2.333 -1.293 -0.7 -0.571 2019
75 Iceland -3.22 -0.742 -1.939 -4.408 -4.642 -2.935 -1.584 -0.05 -0.647 0.817 1.223 -0.967 -2.769 -3.098 -0.323 4.446 5.806 4.867 -12.85 -9.476 -9.455 -5.407 -3.609 -1.776 -0.072 -0.792 12.429 0.584 0.818 -0.993 -10.049 -6.995 -5.859 -5.293 -5.394 -5.135 2018
76 India -7.93 -7.764 -7.757 -8.422 -7.859 -6.697 -6.59 -8.133 -9.574 -8.551 -8.264 -10.843 -10.881 -11.231 -9.062 -7.368 -6.321 -4.505 -8.982 -9.534 -8.626 -8.349 -7.55 -7 -7.071 -7.203 -7.118 -6.361 -6.27 -8.218 -13.077 -10.93 -10.01 -9.569 -9.297 -9.105 2019
77 Indonesia n/a n/a n/a -0.589 0.005 0.641 0.962 -1.034 -1.893 -0.959 -1.87 -1.763 -0.576 -1.077 -0.26 0.424 0.372 -0.947 0.054 -1.644 -1.242 -0.703 -1.586 -2.217 -2.146 -2.604 -2.486 -2.509 -1.75 -2.229 -6.315 -5.495 -3.958 -2.958 -2.77 -2.506 2019
78 Islamic Republic of Iran -2.101 -2.016 -1.068 -6.224 -3.971 -3.19 -0.919 -2.19 -6.023 -0.617 6.632 1.008 0.477 1.175 3.379 3.575 1.874 6.468 0.588 0.799 2.647 0.607 -0.322 -0.898 -1.14 -1.763 -2.268 -1.817 -1.934 -5.501 -9.529 -6.85 -7.284 -7.651 -8.055 -8.232 2019
79 Iraq n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -35.398 4.069 10.711 7.837 -0.856 -12.752 -4.179 4.744 4.094 -6.062 -5.631 -12.823 -13.894 -1.619 7.839 0.857 -17.526 -13.056 -9.454 -7.283 -6.607 -6.327 2018
80 Ireland n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -2.112 -0.231 1.345 2.048 3.52 4.85 0.945 -0.533 0.334 1.287 1.561 2.768 0.259 -7.023 -13.856 -32.076 -12.847 -8.102 -6.196 -3.62 -1.977 -0.694 -0.324 0.116 0.376 -5.995 -2.741 -0.66 0.099 0.278 0.486 2019
81 Israel n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -0.95 -3.969 -8.273 -5.023 -3.516 -2.652 -0.941 -0.277 -3.395 -6.298 -3.485 -2.868 -4.286 -3.969 -2.269 -0.914 -1.4 -1.114 -3.623 -3.91 -12.937 -7.052 -5.374 -4.9 -4.426 -3.942 2019
82 Italy -11.099 -11.041 -10.05 -9.716 -8.798 -7.21 -6.615 -2.982 -2.988 -1.773 -2.423 -3.19 -2.869 -3.218 -3.479 -4.083 -3.617 -1.34 -2.564 -5.121 -4.24 -3.593 -2.945 -2.854 -2.954 -2.552 -2.404 -2.445 -2.199 -1.639 -12.981 -6.183 -3.935 -2.691 -2.547 -2.534 2019
83 Jamaica 2.116 3.226 2.908 2.428 2.459 1.574 -5.383 -6.555 -5.88 -3.503 -0.803 -4.894 -6.725 -5.565 -4.673 -3.306 -4.865 -3.799 -7.512 -11.125 -6.333 -6.403 -4.077 0.119 -0.496 -0.289 -0.194 0.453 1.181 0.911 -3.036 -0.494 -0.091 0.424 0.523 0.843 2020
84 Japan 1.992 1.705 0.585 -2.435 -3.811 -4.392 -4.985 -3.596 -10.225 -6.873 -8.252 -6.538 -7.914 -8.046 -5.881 -4.963 -3.492 -3.21 -4.531 -10.192 -9.534 -9.441 -8.613 -7.911 -5.636 -3.807 -3.697 -3.116 -2.496 -3.301 -14.151 -6.417 -3.197 -2.772 -2.65 -2.739 2018
85 Jordan -7.274 -9.907 1.828 -2.108 -2.274 -1.693 -3.204 -2.941 -5.398 -2.697 -3.995 -2.774 -4.478 -2.532 -1.089 -5.421 -3.886 -5.12 -4.797 -8.842 -7.814 -9.818 -14.329 -10.067 -8.475 -8.389 -3.657 -3.584 -4.66 -5.975 -9.137 -7.37 -5.761 -5.513 -4.401 -2.664 2019
86 Kazakhstan n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1.924 3.996 3.287 6.078 7.653 5.134 1.227 -1.328 1.47 5.811 4.431 4.946 2.482 -6.259 -4.503 -4.266 2.58 -0.57 -5.274 -3.327 -2.057 -1.526 -1.649 -1.815 2019
87 Kenya -4.367 -8.737 -11.021 -11.418 -5.516 -0.306 -0.653 -1.207 -0.036 0.638 -0.048 -1.269 -2.628 -1.638 -0.046 -1.405 -2.041 -2.418 -3.379 -4.34 -4.411 -4.117 -5.032 -5.696 -7.39 -8.089 -8.467 -7.836 -7.376 -7.734 -8.385 -8.527 -7.948 -7.554 -7.195 -7.002 2019
88 Kiribati -3.926 3.373 1.009 7.853 0.907 -6.302 -24.663 7.062 16.642 -2.024 -0.032 -11.207 3.238 -9.515 -19.523 -10.113 -12.505 -12.978 -16.499 -9.065 -8.262 -19.327 -6.324 12.387 38.764 47.384 23.155 40.378 -1.68 15.022 -13.244 -9.542 0.928 1.467 2.562 3.032 2017
89 Korea n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 2.235 2.378 2.394 1.13 1.187 4.05 2.508 3.346 1.564 0.09 0.823 1.033 2.075 1.457 0.017 1.467 1.622 1.49 0.619 0.397 0.522 1.646 2.188 2.563 0.373 -3.235 -2.33 -2.659 -2.688 -2.539 -2.539 2019
90 Kosovo n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -3.341 2.922 3.445 1.59 -4.732 -2.341 2.712 6.858 0.036 1.436 -0.924 -0.981 -2.318 -3.256 -2.535 -1.918 -1.689 -1.379 -2.852 -2.775 -7.037 -5.713 -3.101 -2.74 -2.808 -2.799 2019
91 Kuwait -31.983 -151.309 -49.578 -15.747 -9.138 -1.857 11.607 17.166 6.879 15.154 31.614 28.671 19.335 17.308 22.212 43.304 31.895 37.411 20.164 27.513 25.962 33.281 32.428 34.114 22.364 5.593 0.302 6.266 9.045 5.381 -8.492 -10.692 -7.164 -5.177 -4.186 -3.366 2019
92 Kyrgyz Republic n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -13.517 -9.095 -9.308 -11.969 -13.528 -10.697 -6.747 -5.9 -5.169 -4.892 -3.789 -2.095 1.277 1.924 0.378 -5.947 -4.705 -5.862 -3.699 -3.068 -2.517 -5.79 -3.733 -0.59 -0.139 -7.282 -5.455 -3 -3 -3 -3 2019
93 Lao P.D.R. n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -3.576 -3.683 -2.85 -3.885 -1.81 -2.541 -1.482 -1.123 -1.858 -3.096 -1.469 -1.429 -2.343 -4.031 -3.132 -5.57 -5.06 -5.489 -4.663 -5.016 -6.423 -5.73 -4.956 -4.44 -3.796 -3.678 2018
94 Latvia n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -0.642 -3.45 -2.51 -1.991 -2.512 -1.597 -0.997 -1.026 -0.459 0.597 -3.146 -6.983 -6.47 -3.185 0.175 -0.56 -1.68 -1.529 -0.4 -0.827 -0.74 -0.383 -5.431 -3.257 -1.374 -0.831 -0.723 -0.813 2019
95 Lebanon -30.173 -19.505 -23.982 -7.188 -29.121 -13.645 -25.697 -24.557 -17.276 -16.723 -23.952 -21.032 -16.193 -13.972 -9.835 -8.573 -10.572 -10.928 -9.856 -8.098 -7.466 -5.945 -8.431 -8.818 -6.212 -7.482 -8.874 -8.636 -11.287 -10.498 -16.527 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 2019
96 Lesotho 8.878 9.835 4.738 7.553 5.694 5.133 2.114 0.267 -11.788 -15.302 -0.96 -2.726 -2.387 0.921 6.092 3.52 11.552 9.987 7.974 -3.038 -8.24 -14.695 -1.54 -2.868 3.068 -1.265 -8.555 -1.842 -4.173 -5.597 -7.307 -7.876 -7.346 -0.388 0.074 0.502 2020
97 Liberia n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -0.08 -0.924 -1.548 0.35 -0.546 -0.497 4.162 2.24 -2.658 -1.377 1.144 -4.32 -2.811 -5.96 -3.116 -4.4 -3.74 -4.792 -5.097 -4.548 -3.535 -3.042 -2.204 -1.872 -1.836 -2.173 2018
98 Libya 3.463 8.683 0.11 -5.959 -2.753 3.919 11.682 -2.172 -2.438 5.875 14.077 0.069 7.215 6.363 11.675 31.355 31.807 28.581 32.502 -6.534 12.534 -17.237 28.556 -5.108 -73.81 -130.796 -113.18 -43.464 -0.194 2.193 -102.938 -43.223 -33.216 -29.383 -29.881 -28.43 2019
99 Lithuania n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -4.012 -4.229 -1.705 -5.596 -8.282 -3.98 -3.617 -1.794 -1.265 -1.532 -0.504 -0.447 -0.998 -3.266 -9.329 -6.919 -8.955 -3.148 -2.619 -0.665 -0.208 0.259 0.454 0.6 0.267 -6.715 -3.803 -1.436 -0.232 -0.24 0.045 2019
100 Luxembourg n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 2.696 2.324 2.645 2.972 3.229 5.529 5.683 2.022 0.26 -1.406 -0.214 1.926 4.407 3.529 -0.245 -0.392 0.634 0.481 0.82 1.301 1.293 1.813 1.301 3.083 2.145 -6.98 -1.695 -1.207 -0.272 -0.057 0.001 2019
101 Macao SAR n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 3.286 2.68 4.829 7.84 8.362 9.797 16.466 17.571 13.435 19.487 24.762 24.069 26.978 23.966 13.722 11.335 13.178 13.351 15.325 1.351 12.479 11.265 10.927 11.101 11.127 2018
102 Madagascar -0.494 -4.398 -5.004 -6.338 -7.233 -5.088 -3.971 -1.997 -5.308 -2.421 -2.353 -3.614 -4.092 -3.322 -4.232 -2.475 -3.03 -2.308 -1.723 -2.261 -0.76 -2.043 -2.237 -3.403 -1.961 -2.85 -1.107 -2.103 -1.329 -1.419 -5.52 -5.339 -5.162 -4.841 -4.449 -3.979 2019
103 Malawi n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -5.732 -3.49 -3.503 -1.898 0.561 -2.841 -3.692 -3.568 1.831 -4.124 -1.768 -6.427 -4.843 -6.335 -7.284 -7.326 -5.503 -6.363 -9.19 -7.395 -5.049 -4.563 -4.646 -3.543 2019
104 Malaysia 0.149 1.602 1.805 3.44 5.449 3.103 3.27 4.84 -0.627 -3.003 -6.053 -4.361 -3.96 -4.597 -3.353 -2.833 -2.602 -2.571 -3.405 -5.88 -4.319 -3.568 -3.103 -3.478 -2.628 -2.546 -2.603 -2.412 -3.307 -3.694 -6.532 -4.673 -3.597 -3.568 -3.178 -3.144 2019
105 Maldives -12.767 -10.22 -12.604 -13.888 -4.816 -5.662 -2.013 -1.461 -2.251 -3.028 -3.893 -3.966 -3.967 -3.445 -2.257 -7.807 -4.524 -3.158 -9.925 -17.886 -13.451 -6.811 -6.549 -4.337 -7.086 -6.789 -8.797 -6.344 -5.232 -6.391 -21.927 -15.695 -10.659 -6.975 -4.687 -3.99 2019
106 Mali n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -2.643 -2.798 -3.094 -1.187 -2.36 -2.764 27.783 -2.784 -1.977 -3.717 -2.568 -3.417 -0.956 -2.372 -2.886 -1.822 -3.942 -2.862 -4.77 -1.68 -6.2 -4.5 -3.5 -3.5 -3 -3 2018
107 Malta n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -5.805 -6.491 -5.647 -9.088 -4.382 -2.609 -2.51 -2.135 -4.13 -3.176 -2.317 -2.378 -3.393 -2.335 -1.698 -1.042 0.936 3.241 1.898 0.53 -9.395 -3.87 -2.621 -2.681 -2.912 -2.612 2019
108 Marshall Islands n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 7.85 13.515 8.936 7.819 7.821 5.134 10.531 -1.587 -21.659 0.232 0.26 3.528 1.507 3.489 2.108 -0.753 -0.229 3.219 2.798 3.9 4.393 2.538 0.253 -3.533 2.345 -1.006 -1.719 -4.765 -4.785 2018
109 Mauritania n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -3.056 -3.158 2.05 -1.382 -3.321 -3.592 -0.451 0.074 1.666 -0.662 -2.64 -2.442 0.132 0.534 3.421 2.754 -3.276 -0.254 0.397 0.435 0.367 0.35 2019
110 Mauritius n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -4.249 -5.39 -4.957 -4.616 -4.276 -4.256 -3.916 -2.96 -2.663 -3.36 -2.997 -3.038 -1.754 -3.355 -3.127 -3.577 -2.82 -1.671 -2.228 -10.283 -11.671 -6.774 -4.677 -5.801 -5.47 -5.153 2020
111 Mexico -3.295 1.58 2.393 -1.603 -2.365 -2.405 -3.844 -3.636 -4.756 -4.721 -2.815 -2.707 -2.29 -2.355 -1.41 -1.499 -1.282 -1.527 -0.713 -4.125 -3.975 -3.336 -3.726 -3.707 -4.535 -3.995 -2.765 -1.063 -2.198 -2.349 -5.8 -3.4 -2.6 -2.5 -2.5 -2.5 2019
112 Micronesia n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -0.451 2.362 2.628 -3.278 -5.183 -3.479 -5.447 7.135 2.592 -3.711 -5.561 -5.361 -3.497 -1.541 1.858 0.457 -0.575 0.885 2.863 11.125 10.345 7.256 14.241 24.986 16.386 -1.712 4.473 4.692 4.442 -4.82 -5.101 2018
113 Moldova n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -2.583 -7.423 -7.471 -1.522 -2.639 -3.546 -0.345 -1.179 0.47 0.593 1.441 -0.419 0.148 -0.871 -6.383 -2.178 -2.05 -1.931 -1.565 -1.585 -1.943 -1.547 -0.64 -0.849 -1.439 -8.002 -4.299 -2.994 -2.563 -2.412 -2.412 2019
114 Mongolia -8.014 -5.446 -6.932 -11.414 -8.33 -4.25 -5.889 -6.924 -10.555 -8.477 -4.98 -3.696 -4.048 -2.895 -1.39 2.435 7.585 2.639 -4.521 -5.199 0.425 -4.014 -6.244 -0.927 -3.725 -4.987 -15.288 -3.784 2.969 0.926 -11.477 -4.87 -4.082 -3.294 -3.271 -3.132 2019
115 Montenegro n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -1.439 -4.05 -2.45 -1.414 4.331 8.431 -2.296 -6.712 -4.869 -6.734 -5.843 -4.491 -0.698 -5.961 -6.178 -6.91 -6.212 -2.402 -10.44 -4.927 -2.703 -1.924 -1.724 -1.558 2019
116 Morocco -1.433 -0.97 -1.996 -2.166 -2.718 -2.748 0.939 1.622 1.591 3.469 -2.136 -4.102 -4.728 -4.053 -3.586 -5.904 -1.948 -0.126 0.677 -1.763 -4.256 -6.575 -7.177 -5.088 -4.848 -4.171 -4.484 -3.493 -3.736 -4.127 -7.792 -6.015 -4.464 -3.845 -3.085 -2.533 2019
117 Mozambique -4.416 -2.089 -1.92 -2.612 -4.155 -2.542 -2.007 -1.771 -1.063 -0.335 -1.345 -4.717 -3.56 -2.774 -3.313 -2.145 -3.153 -2.272 -1.947 -4.479 -3.503 -4.408 -3.616 -2.589 -10.262 -6.661 -5.483 -2.923 -6.845 -0.15 -7.061 -5.265 -3.433 -1.497 -1.024 -0.713 2018
118 Myanmar n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -4.623 -4.213 -5.582 -5.83 -3.724 -3.918 -4.255 -3.254 -3.209 -3.296 -2.579 -3.31 -4.96 -4.43 -2.651 -1.717 -1.315 -2.783 -3.868 -2.858 -3.402 -3.916 -6.016 -6.453 -5.58 -4.951 -4.712 -4.179 2019
119 Namibia 0.955 -1.545 -2.717 -2.819 -0.603 -1.881 -4.072 -2.65 -3.159 -1.97 -0.77 -1.952 -1.371 -4.355 -2.64 -0.299 3.182 5.806 3.418 -0.395 -4.87 -6.772 -3.023 -4.506 -6.294 -8.077 -9.1 -4.957 -5.273 -5.886 -9.562 -8.347 -9.112 -7.294 -6.644 -6.547 2019
120 Nauru n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 0.369 0.093 2.722 8.411 1.641 27.817 10.456 21.45 21.385 32.485 20.77 31.503 13.179 2.349 2.79 3.175 3.994 2020
121 Nepal n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -1.689 -2.685 -2.811 -0.386 -0.164 0.279 0.268 -0.766 -0.332 -2.552 -0.766 -0.818 -1.342 1.81 1.531 0.657 1.352 -3.094 -6.651 -4.561 -7.928 -6.73 -4.726 -4.399 -4.138 -4.044 2019
122 Netherlands -4.083 -2.056 -3.127 -3.139 -3.54 -8.732 -1.823 -1.583 -1.354 0.253 1.165 -0.476 -2.129 -3.142 -1.825 -0.396 0.099 -0.092 0.201 -5.086 -5.246 -4.427 -3.918 -2.929 -2.152 -2.025 0.021 1.26 1.493 1.663 -8.757 -4.903 -1.992 -1.117 -0.423 0.233 2019
123 New Zealand -2.763 -6.174 -6.299 -1.556 1.966 3.67 2.55 1.209 -0.505 -1.14 0.145 1.262 2.526 3.655 4.467 5.106 4.592 3.568 1.445 -1.841 -5.4 -4.91 -2.202 -1.297 -0.44 0.316 1.023 1.288 1.428 -2.946 -9.248 -8.721 -5.731 -3.774 -2.223 -1.382 2019
124 Nicaragua n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 2.095 0.285 2.015 1.238 1.664 1.687 1.009 1.304 -0.422 -1.483 -0.129 -0.059 -0.15 -0.711 -1.271 -1.442 -1.7 -1.576 -2.983 -0.451 -4.272 -3.007 -0.961 -1.037 -2.183 -2.711 2018
125 Niger n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -3.177 -0.359 -2.379 -2.224 -4.26 -2.819 -2.58 -2.207 -2.168 -2.754 -1.523 30.956 -0.745 1.108 -3.916 -0.983 -2.189 -0.828 -1.929 -6.105 -6.746 -4.463 -4.115 -2.999 -3.559 -4.823 -4.739 -3.165 -2.478 -2.521 -2.453 2019
126 Nigeria -0.671 -1.663 1.326 -8.555 -4.166 3.55 4.748 1.599 -4.892 -1.958 4.065 -3.222 1.342 -2.195 5.488 4.908 8.759 -1.116 5.697 -5.326 -4.171 0.432 0.346 -2.237 -2.039 -3.165 -4.013 -5.4 -4.306 -4.757 -6.739 -4.972 -5.092 -4.423 -4.526 -4.588 2019
127 North Macedonia n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -0.352 -1.594 0.027 2.375 -5.882 -5.242 -0.072 0.374 0.213 -0.508 0.577 -0.928 -2.628 -2.411 -2.474 -3.807 -3.836 -4.195 -3.475 -2.702 -2.734 -1.763 -1.954 -7.723 -4.278 -3.418 -3.185 -3.121 -3.144 2019
128 Norway 1.954 -0.119 -2.066 -1.643 0.041 2.961 6.008 7.352 3.067 5.718 15.065 13.208 9.041 7.212 10.856 14.764 17.938 17.095 18.633 10.239 10.923 13.348 13.763 10.668 8.623 6.022 4.056 4.999 7.223 7.778 -1.786 2.044 4.091 5.015 5.559 6.188 2019
129 Oman 5.475 0.133 -5.56 -7.836 -8.557 -4.47 2.543 5.471 -5.01 0.347 13.876 8.613 6.085 6.768 6.223 12.805 13.988 12.038 16.797 -0.31 5.634 9.387 4.647 4.678 -1.08 -15.943 -21.309 -13.959 -7.893 -7.062 -18.707 -16.824 -10.884 -9.98 -9.178 -8.434 2018
130 Pakistan n/a n/a n/a -6.898 -4.527 -4.865 -5.409 -4.825 -5.57 -3.83 -4.009 -3.06 -3.313 -0.148 -1.617 -2.814 -3.286 -5.117 -7.059 -5.048 -6.013 -6.73 -8.631 -8.369 -4.852 -5.254 -4.416 -5.759 -6.423 -8.984 -8.011 -6.71 -5.152 -3.991 -3.484 -3.15 2020
131 Palau n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -12.423 -16.632 -12.671 -2.214 -4.857 1.613 0.142 -2.091 -1.713 -0.875 -0.976 1.298 1.022 0.747 3.599 5.176 3.593 4.796 6.248 0.346 -6.376 -12.329 -4.869 0.217 0.548 1.531 2019
132 Panama n/a n/a n/a n/a -3.299 -2.666 1.629 -0.779 -2.599 -0.957 -0.564 -2.163 -3.058 -4.373 -4.55 -2.434 0.475 3.2 0.386 -0.882 -1.713 -1.864 -1.406 -2.227 -3.127 -2.421 -1.975 -2.163 -3.185 -3.143 -8.982 -7.386 -4.013 -2.008 -1.989 -1.483 2019
133 Papua New Guinea -2.035 -0.623 -4.333 -4.905 -1.009 1.077 2.055 0.673 -0.165 -1.936 0.304 -1.329 -1.75 0.188 2.025 2.849 5.337 6.899 2.734 -5.483 3.062 2.215 -1.19 -6.87 -6.265 -4.55 -4.746 -2.475 -2.587 -4.964 -6.266 -5.352 -4.48 -4.14 -3.683 -3.385 2015
134 Paraguay 8.136 3.411 3.002 4.399 4.871 3.15 2.669 3.208 4.257 2.696 -0.411 0.286 -1.857 -0.013 0.852 0.958 1.67 1.605 2.229 -0.39 0.532 1.448 -1.208 -1.066 -0.553 -1.816 -0.397 -0.882 -1.655 -3.854 -7.757 -4.864 -3.388 -2.676 -2.626 -2.539 2019
135 Peru n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -2.116 -2.154 -1.404 -1.622 -1.033 -0.436 2.029 3.348 2.68 -1.389 0.122 2.012 2.052 0.735 -0.228 -2.125 -2.254 -2.935 -2.001 -1.366 -9.408 -4.309 -3.23 -2.581 -2.048 -1.698 2019
136 Philippines -1.506 -0.259 -0.43 0.623 -0.441 -0.016 0.533 0.365 -1.302 -2.276 -3.274 -3.494 -3.707 -3.491 -2.807 -1.625 -0.046 -0.285 0.016 -2.569 -2.254 -0.304 -0.294 0.187 0.826 0.586 -0.353 -0.372 -1.552 -1.781 -8.063 -7.307 -6.27 -6.213 -6.21 -6.06 2019
137 Poland n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -4.39 -4.838 -4.605 -4.252 -2.298 -2.965 -4.759 -4.819 -6.043 -5.047 -3.962 -3.557 -1.853 -3.6 -7.253 -7.397 -4.88 -3.742 -4.182 -3.646 -2.616 -2.373 -1.468 -0.233 -0.74 -10.464 -4.337 -3.172 -3.924 -3.848 -3.83 2019
138 Portugal -6.922 -8.036 -5.306 -8.166 -7.468 -5.242 -4.75 -3.707 -4.274 -2.988 -3.398 -4.783 -3.782 -5.616 -5.969 -6.106 -4.087 -2.936 -3.7 -9.873 -11.398 -7.663 -6.18 -5.105 -7.309 -4.346 -1.935 -2.956 -0.442 0.19 -8.351 -2.711 -1.561 -0.709 -2.26 -1.787 2019
139 Puerto Rico n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -3.073 -2.116 -1.842 -2.111 -2.507 -2.587 -3.754 -2.197 -1.764 -1.79 -1.506 -1.374 2016
140 Qatar 3.226 -2.569 -2.736 -9.528 -11.8 -5.779 -8.728 -9.404 -7.001 -4.353 4.622 4.481 7.891 6.711 18.316 10.626 9.254 11.168 10.272 16.136 7.086 7.327 10.525 21.559 15.404 21.713 -4.819 -2.488 5.922 4.927 3.029 3.332 6.493 7.42 8.708 10.115 2019
141 Romania 1.027 3.23 -4.552 -0.35 -2.2 -3.32 -4.738 -5.187 -5.329 -3.579 -3.988 -3.201 -2.595 -2.286 -3.393 -0.69 -1.36 -3.046 -4.605 -6.858 -6.365 -4.262 -2.488 -2.482 -1.719 -1.352 -2.392 -2.832 -2.819 -4.557 -9.593 -8.084 -8.063 -7.717 -7.435 -7.045 2019
142 Russia n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -7.424 -3.587 3.107 2.991 0.673 1.35 4.575 7.597 7.804 5.585 4.549 -5.889 -3.194 1.432 0.382 -1.162 -1.07 -3.386 -3.67 -1.469 2.902 1.922 -5.285 -2.574 -0.997 -1.03 -1.003 -0.546 2019
143 Rwanda n/a n/a -8.549 -7.831 -11.322 -2.421 -5.938 -2.634 -3.073 -5.235 -0.26 -2.114 -2.367 -1.428 2.588 1.277 -0.029 -1.55 0.822 0.258 -0.636 -0.857 -2.371 -1.264 -3.9 -2.669 -2.26 -2.517 -2.575 -5.193 -7.716 -7.05 -4.115 -3.509 -3.89 -3.703 2019
144 Samoa n/a n/a -10.141 -13.508 -9.75 -5.974 1.245 1.971 1.679 0.281 -0.632 -2.008 -1.815 -0.525 -0.762 0.237 -0.455 0.56 -0.365 -3.059 -5.628 -5.298 -7.553 -3.954 -5.659 -3.959 -0.366 -2.089 0.07 2.714 -7.256 -9.845 -7.78 -5.834 -2.642 -2.672 2019
145 San Marino n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 2.229 3.267 1.374 1.825 0.176 -2.461 -2.238 -4.049 -7.079 -7.741 1.064 -3.324 -0.185 -3.375 -1.556 -2.471 -3.997 -6.062 -5.055 -4.347 -4.582 -4.579 2018
146 São Tomé and Príncipe n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 51.457 -13.815 -11.293 -15.926 -25.115 26.812 17.258 125.135 13.648 -19.257 -11.711 -12.518 -11.215 1.896 -5.307 -6.252 -4.235 -2.689 -1.883 -1.758 -4.597 -3.833 -1.723 -1.055 -0.975 -1.069 2019
147 Saudi Arabia n/a -3.281 -8.121 -9.327 -8.312 -5.123 -3.247 -2.506 -8.875 -5.991 3.184 -3.906 -5.907 1.199 9.718 17.987 20.823 11.784 29.802 -5.383 4.392 11.554 11.933 5.639 -3.542 -15.838 -17.203 -9.236 -5.871 -4.452 -10.564 -5.965 -4.038 -2.868 -1.626 -0.402 2019
148 Senegal n/a n/a n/a n/a 5.708 2.348 0.905 0.972 0.929 -0.623 0.788 -1.518 0.197 -0.52 0.182 -0.263 -3.616 -2.737 -3.497 -3.625 -3.911 -4.9 -4.146 -4.325 -3.387 -3.663 -3.272 -2.968 -3.644 -3.825 -6.234 -4.485 -2.97 -2.978 -3 -2.981 2019
149 Serbia n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -0.166 0.36 -2.59 -2.656 0.066 1.045 -0.928 -0.834 -1.788 -3.433 -3.485 -3.905 -6.36 -4.993 -5.853 -3.382 -1.121 1.372 0.812 -0.005 -8.06 -1.555 0.011 -0.216 -0.234 -0.252 2019
150 Seychelles 11.911 3.151 6.442 -3.623 -6.947 -2.58 -9.692 -5.906 -16.67 -10.264 -14.74 -8.927 -16.26 3.396 0.437 0.422 -2.538 -9.929 7.882 4.839 0.521 3.428 2.89 0.368 3.668 1.864 0.205 0.483 0.194 0.884 -15.466 -6.042 -4.338 -0.959 -0.267 1.807 2019
151 Sierra Leone n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -3.094 -5.125 -4.819 -4.473 -2.367 -1.937 -1.552 20.09 -3.466 -2.335 -5.002 -4.541 -5.158 -2.39 -3.605 -4.548 -8.46 -8.782 -5.59 -2.741 -6.371 -3.973 -3.071 -2.605 -2.351 -2.54 2019
152 Singapore 1.966 0.682 2.701 4.357 7.905 4.804 1.983 5.663 2.414 5.204 4.593 1.197 2.232 0.678 2.06 2.556 2.16 7.12 3.589 -0.094 5.685 7.962 7.337 5.962 4.6 2.863 3.657 5.341 3.717 3.84 -10.773 1.165 2.368 2.504 2.618 2.614 2020
153 Slovak Republic n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -3.473 -9.816 -6.266 -5.297 -7.173 -12.631 -7.221 -8.221 -3.12 -2.316 -2.874 -3.579 -2.05 -2.523 -8.149 -7.456 -4.456 -4.367 -2.87 -3.11 -2.672 -2.476 -0.952 -1.05 -1.295 -8.839 -4.592 -3.827 -2.916 -2.689 -2.544 2019
154 Slovenia n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a -8.147 -1.096 -2.307 -2.326 -2.972 -3.645 -4.451 -2.374 -2.595 -1.941 -1.324 -1.231 -0.049 -1.394 -5.813 -5.6 -6.629 -3.995 -14.579 -5.507 -2.847 -1.935 -0.048 0.721 0.542 -8.82 -2.81 -0.767 -0.221 -0.036 0.144 2019
155 Solomon Islands 2.839 3.078 6.882 5.01 6.721 5.093 5.528 3.512 2.903 6.206 -3.431 -0.954 -1.297 5.413 3.684 -1.69 -1.149 1.439 -0.204 1.44 5.03 7.47 3.269 3.639 1.842 -0.006